||Essential Fatty Acids
(must come from food)
Superunsatruated Omega-3 Family (W3)
- Alpha linolenic Acid (LNA)
- Stearidonic Acid (SDA)
- Eicosapetaenoic Acid (EPA)
- Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)
Polyunsaturated Omega-6 Family (W6)
- Linoleic Acid (LA)
- Gamma linolenic Acid (GLA)
- inhibitors include:
- "high levels of carbohydrates in the bloodstream, which slow down delta-6-desaturase activity and decrease GLA production;
- trans fatty acids which inhibit delta-6-desaturase;
- viral disease;
- elevated adrenaline (decreases delta-6-desaturase) and cortisol (due to stress) levels which increase insulin levels and lead to excess arachidonic acid production via activation of delta-5-desaturase enzyme. Since activation of delta-5-desaturase depends on insulin, and insulin is balanced by glucogon (which inhibits delta-5-desaturase), it is critical that insulin/glucogon levels are kept in balance." Breast Milk, Infections, Iron, GLA, EPA, and Asthma
- "trans-fatty acids from margarine, vegetable shortening and commercially processed vegetable oils hinder D6D (Delta-6-Desaturase) and its vital co-workers-vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B3, zinc and magnesium." (From GLA: The "good" omega-6, by Ann Louise Gittleman, Total Health for Longevity magazine, September 2000. Gittleman recommends Borage Oil (ignoring the problems with it that make Evening Primrose better for some people).
- Borage oil contains GLA but in some people's metabolisms (especially those with high insulin, see above) the long-chain fats in it are converted to arachidonic acid.
- Better: evening primrose oil, no long-chain fats
- Dihomogamma-linolenic Acid (DGLA)
- Arachidonic Acid (AA)
- Monounsaturated Omega-7 Family(W7)
- Palmitoleic Acid (POA)
- Monounsaturated Omega-9 Family (W9)
- Oleic Acid (OA)
- Saturated Family (W9)
- Stearic Acid (SA)
- Palmitic Acid (PA)
- Butyric Acid (BA)
- Arachidic Acid
- Fats that Heal, Fats that Kill by Udo Erasmus. Alive Books, Burnaby, BC, Canada, 1994.
copyright © 2001, 2002 and 2003 Catherine Holmes Clark.
Last modified 15 August 2003